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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy- based Biosensors

We developed an electrochemical impedance biosensor based on capacitance readout for the detection of biomolecules in small sample volumes.  We demonstrated that our three-electrode setup is stable, reproducible, and suitable for real-time measurements in complex matrices. With this device we were able to follow in situ and in real time the process of DNA hybridization.  P.Capaldo et al. ACS Sensors 1, 1003-1010 (2016)
      


The quantification of significant amounts of disease biomarkers circulating in the bloodstream represents one of the challenging frontiers in biomedicine. The complexity of blood composition has opened the quest for novel detection technologies, capable of discerning small amount of specific biomarkers from other blood proteins/oligonucleotides and of reliably measuring them. In this context, we have developed a label-free device based on differential double-layer capacitance readout at microfabricated gold electrodes and demonstrated its detection performance in real biosample volumes. By means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements in a three electrodes setup, we first calibrated the system following the in situ hybridization of a self-assembled monolayer of single-stranded, short oligonucleotides on the gold microelectrode through the measurement of differential capacitance changes as a function of time, for different concentrations of complementary DNA in a saline buffer. Based on this calibration we used the device to quantify the presence of microRNAs (miRNAs) in human plasma. We demonstrated that our device is fast, sensitive, reusable, reproducible, and perfectly suited to detect biomarkers in complex matrices, as cell lysate, serum, and blood. We put forward the possibility to apply this platform to the bioaffinity detection of protein biomarkers as well as circulating drugs in blood, for therapeutic drug monitoring applications.

 

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Circulating disease biomarkers detection in complex matrices: real-time, in situ measurements of DNA/miRNA hybridization via Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
P. Capaldo, S.R. Alfarano, L. Ianeselli, S. Dalzilio, A. Bosco,  P. Parisse and L. Casalis
ACS Sensors  1, 1003-1010 (2016)

Last Updated on Monday, 12 February 2018 15:25